Cost-effective and long-lasting- Pneumatic Cylinders Explained

Pneumatic cylinders provide a simple and cost-effective method to provide a linear motion during the operating sequence in an application.

Let’s look at this innovative technology in detail and how it works.

The concept of pneumatics

Even though the functionality offered by pneumatic cylinders is beneficial in numerous critical applications, their concept is derived from the simple science of compressed air and the energy it provides.

The word pneumatics is derived from Greek terminology and means air. A Greek mathematician, Hero of Alexandria, considered air to have particles, which could fill any void when allowed to enter it. Today we call these particles air molecules that rush to fill in any vacuum or space, causing pressure.

The concept was further modified when a German physicist, Otto Guericke, developed a vacuum pump that derived energy from the air when a vessel was attached to it and generated motion.

How does pneumatics work?

Today, the concept of pneumatics has been deeply embedded into various industrial applications across the globe in multiple areas.

While they have a wide range of variants in terms of designs and style, here is how a basic pneumatic cylinder works.

The main function of a pneumatic cylinder is performed by compressed air, which applies pressure to a piston rod inside the barrel of the pneumatic cylinder. When the compressed air is forced inside the cylinder, it causes the piston to move.

A mechanism integrated into the piston converts the forced compressed air into mechanical energy, generating a motion that can be linear and rotary. The generated motion is useful for a variety of applications. The end device is specific to the application it is being used for. It could be a clamp, a gripper, a press or a vacuum cup.

Pneumatic cylinders classifications

Pneumatic cylinders are available in a variety of designs and styles that are mostly in compliance with international standards, so they have wide utility.

Based on their mechanism, siłowniki pneumatyczne are classified into two main categories.

Single-acting cylinders are one type. These cylinders have one port from which compressed air enters and forces the piston to move to perform the requisite function. A spring inside then causes the piston to return to its base. Single-acting cylinders are available in the push and pull type of cylinders.

Double-acting pneumatic cylinders have two ports instead of one and rely on compressed air for the forward and return action of the piston rod. Compressed air enters from one valve and causes the piston to move. A vacuum on the other side pulls back the rod and causes it to resume its normal position.

Pneumatic cylinders applications

There is a long list of how pneumatic cylinders are used. Today you may see them being used in the manufacturing factory settings in the assembly line for picking and placing things, for packaging and pressing etc.

You may also see pneumatic cylinders in ATVs and even airplanes’ landing gear suspension mechanisms. They are used to open and close heavy doors and valves. Even space shuttle door designs rely on technology.

They are cost-effective, customizable, lightweight and safe and clean. All these features make them an attractive choice for numerous applications the world over.

Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016 – What’s new and what has been improved?

Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016 – What’s new and what has been improved?

Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016 includes several new features and improvements in the office suite, allowing you access to new and improved productivity tools that will help you be more productive and maintain a constant workflow.

For this update, Microsoft focused not only on productivity but also on collaboration and data analysis. Here are some of the most remarkable features in the new 2016 version of Microsoft Office.

1.  New ways of collaborating with your teammates

Share content and make revisions in little time

Word and Powerpoint have new collaboration features that allow you to share content and comment on different documents. Thus, you will be able to keep up with your teammates and make the necessary changes in little time.

On the other hand, you will also be allowed to have a peek at previous versions of the document at hand quickly, thanks to the “Activity” tab. Clicking on such an option will grant you access to a list with all the changes that have been made in the current document.

Faster integration with other Office applications

Outlook now gives you a list of the recent files you’ve worked with the Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016 suite when you’re about to send an email, making the sending process more straightforward. It will also tell you if you’ve used a cloud-based app, like OneDrive or SharePoint.


If you’d like someone to pay attention to a certain area of the document, the new “Mentions” feature will aid you. For example, this feature can be used in Outlook whenever you’re writing an email or a calendar invitation. Write the “@” symbol and start typing the individual’s name into the text, and it will display different options you can choose from your saved list.

Access information while editing a document

“Researcher” is the latest addition added to Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2016. You can choose the option from the toolbar, and then you’ll be able to start making searches from it. You can also select certain information to be added as headings and cite those sources straightforwardly.

2.  Ribbon buttons

New ribbon buttons

Thanks to the “Archive” button, you will be able to archive items quickly when you’re using Outlook. Furthermore, you can also add or browse through different groups thanks to the integration of the “Browse groups” and “New group” ribbon buttons.


Thanks to the “Customize the Ribbon” feature, you can now customize your ribbon. You have total freedom to choose what features you’ll add.

3.  Do you want to keep up with everything?

It’s easy to see everything new in Microsoft Word. If you’ve already created an Office 365 account and have an active subscription, you can go to the “File” tab, then click on the “Account” option and go to the “What’s New” area, which will show you a list with everything new in the new Office Suite. If there’s something you can’t use or see, go to the “Update Options” area to start updating your software to the latest version.

How to spy on a phone or SMS without access to the phone using a spy app

How to spy on a phone or SMS without access to the phone using a spy app

Technology continues to amaze us in many ways. Every now and then, there is a technological innovation that not only astounds us but serves to provide us with convenience and adds comfort to our lifestyle.

In addition, to convenience, technology also provides us with ways to solve problems and dilemmas in our lives. A spy app is one such example of a technological innovation that serves to solve the dilemma of accessing the information on the phone of an individual we are concerned about for various reasons and lets you spy on text messages like a pro.

Why use a spy app

When cellphones were introduced, they revolutionized how we interact and communicate with others around us. However, like any other technology, cellphones pose challenges and dilemmas of their own.

Consider messaging, for instance. Text messaging is quite a discreet and convenient way of interacting with others. However, it also invites the possibility of misuse. Suppose you are a parent to children who are active mobile users. In that case, you may always feel concerned about the looming danger of your child being exposed to harmful content or even predators who may take advantage of their innocence under the guise of harmless associations.

Similarly, the increased use of cell phones may also prompt the significant others in your life to misuse the technology to cheat on you. The constant feeling of dread and suspicion that you might be played is certainly not a good feeling, and like any other person, you may want to put your suspicions to your rest.

Moreover, keeping a check on employees becomes necessary when you might be concerned about decreased productivity or leakage of sensitive information as an employer. Keeping tabs on them may prompt them to keep their behavior in check. Also, at times it is important to track their movements if transportation of goods or cargo is involved.

All the instances discussed above require a phone or SMS spy apps that can provide you with the facility of monitoring text messages on a targeted phone and keeping a check on the activities performed on a mobile device remotely and discreetly.

Using a phone and SMS spy app

The phone and SMS spy app vary in terms of features and installation method but serve more or less the same purpose. You can choose to use a basic or advanced app depending on your requirement.

You can use an online service where you enter the targeted phone number on the website and get instant access to the messages and call records. At the same time, there are advanced apps as well.

For example, certain spy apps allow you to check call logs, text messages, emails, pictures and videos from the targeted phone in your account or mobile device. At the same time, other more advanced apps can provide you with the mobile device’s location through GPS. These GPS-enabled spy apps can even provide you with a detailed history log of the previous locations that the phone has been in.

Moreover, there are also spy apps available in the market that monitor text messages or spy on the GPS location; they also monitor WhatsApp, Snapchat and Facebook etc. Moreover, some apps have highly advanced features and are designed to block incoming calls, activate the camera and the microphone of the phone you want to spy on.

What are private instagram viewers used for?

What are private instagram viewers used for?

Instagram is a social media platform where users share photos and videos with other individuals. Users often take screenshots of content they find to save for themselves or their friends. Some people might want to view a user’s photos anonymously, such as when the two parties don’t know each other yet, and you’re trying to get a feel for them without giving away their own identity.


Since users can now use hashtags to find other people, it’s also possible that you could find an Instagram profile of someone you don’t know. If so, you could try searching through their photos anonymously without your interest in them being discovered.


For example, You’re scrolling through many photos on Instagram, and you notice that someone has an interesting profile. You’d love to learn more about them, but what do you do when you see that their profile is private?


Many people have the same feeling as this when they browse their most-followed pages and come across a profile that seems interesting. They want to know who posts these fun pictures, what kind of life is behind the filter, and what secrets the account holder is hiding.


The answer used to be: simply send a friend request and hope for the best, but some people (especially celebrities) have taken things one step further by making their accounts private. This means that only approved followers can see their posts – and if you’re not one of them, you’re out of luck.


Luckily, there’s a way to get around this: private Instagram viewers.  Private Instagram viewers are websites or apps that allow you to see any private account without the need to hack someone’s account by username and password.  So if you’re curious about that celebrity or want to see what your friends are up to on their private accounts, a private Instagram viewer is the perfect way to do it.


There are a few different ones, but our personal favorite is WatchInsta. It’s easy to use, reliable and has a huge selection of private accounts to browse through. Plus, it’s free to use!  If you’re interested in checking out some private Instagram accounts, head over to WatchInsta and give it a try. You won’t regret it!




So there you have it – private Instagram viewers are a great way to see any private account without the need to hack someone’s account. You don’t need to send a follow request and wait for it to be accepted to see the content of a particular profile post. Just head on to, and boom, you’ll have access to any private profile that you want to explore.

What is DMARC, and why do you need it?

What is DMARC, and why do you need it?

Hackers and spamming groups are always on the lookout for vulnerable and weak domains. With the malicious intent to use email domains that they are not authorized to use, they try to rick users and conduct phishing scams and other forms of cyber frauds, including data breaches, sending fake invoices, impersonating other accounts and ransomware spreading etc.

Organizations thus need to incorporate features in their cybersecurity frameworks to protect their email domains against hackers and avoid their brand names from being misused. In this regard, DMARC is an effective email authentication mechanism that protects an organization’s brand’s domain from hackers who may try to impersonate its brand and send emails through what may look like the organization’s domain address.

Let’s look at what it is and what it does.

We have established that DMARC is a component of cybersecurity and used by organizations to prevent their domain name from being misused by hackers. It stands for Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting and Conformance and is a powerful tool for safeguarding the organization’s domain against spoofing.

A DMARC policy is implemented while deploying DMARC, which guides the email servers on how to treat the email and what to do after checking if the email has been passed by the SPF (Sender Policy Framework) or DKIM (Domain keys Identified Mail), which are also email authenticating mechanisms. DMARC policy outlines a set of rules to prevent hackers from using their domains.

Once verified by SPF or DKIM or both, the email is subjected to a DMARC check. It enables the organization to check all incoming emails according to DMARC records. If an email does not pass that test, it may be subjected to some actions/organizational policy.

The email is subjected to three kinds of policies which are determined on the basis of the organization’s risk tolerance perception. The email may be sent as a normal message with a warning. It is also included in the list of emails that did not pass the DMARC record check test.

Alternatively, the email may automatically be diverted to a quarantine section where it is approved manually before allowing delivery. The third option is that the email may be rejected right away, which is the ultimate purpose of using DMARC.


DMARC can be regarded as an innovation in the field of anti-spoofing. It enables operators to easily identify valid and authentic emails and protect their domain name from unauthorized users who may want to use it for fraudulent activities, spamming or phishing.

If you are concerned about safeguarding your brand’s domain, you can install DMARC and be stress-free.